The Republic of India, the seventh largest country in the entire world, is situated in the South of Asia, and is also rated as world’s second most populous country. India has a diversified weather pattern too. Besides, it contains a very varied topography, which bears varieties of seasons as well, main ones including the wet monsoons, warm summers and cool winters.
Hot Water Springs
The hot water springs found in India are undoubtedly one of the natural wonders seen across the globe. There are more than 350 hot water springs found in different parts of India, the most famous of them is located in Manikaran near Kullu, which is in the Parvathi valley, Himachal Pradesh. Manikaran is a holy pilgrimage center for Hindus as well as Sikhs. The hot springs seen here are thrown out to the surface with maximum pressure and are very hot. They have radioactive properties as well. The Manikaran hot springs are well-known all over the country for their healing properties of muscular pain and rheumatism, when one takes bath in this water.
Barren Island Volcano
Barren Island volcano is yet another natural wonder seen in India. The Andaman and Nicobar islands of India has in its eastern part, the small Barren Island, which is the home to the only active volcano of South Asia. The island is composed mostly of the volcanoes and its debris, forming a part of the volcanic chain that marks the border between the Burmese plate and the Indian tectonic plate. The last eruption of the volcano took place on July 19, 2009, which is continuing to spew thick clouds of ash till this day. For safety measures, tourists are not allowed to these islands, but the ferries and cruise vessels take passengers to the edge of the island from where you can have breathtaking views of these active volcanoes.
Mount Everest, the highest mountain on Earth, is the peak which makes the boundary to connect China and Nepal. Its peak is estimated to be nearly 8,844m high – and is still growing by a rough two to five millimeters every year, making it one of the natural wonders.
Columnar Basaltic Lava
The Columnar Basaltic lava found in the St. Mary’s Island, Karnataka are sure to leave you mouth-opened, for their formation of long four to six sided rocks are so accurate in measurement that it appears like man-made ones. It is a known fact that during the eruption of a volcano, thick viscous basaltic lava gushes out, which cools down rapidly on which, spider web like cracks develop, taking the shape of hexagons and pentagons, appearing as if they are made and shaped by human hands.
Lonar Crater Lake
Lonar Crater Lake, located in the Buldana district of Maharashtra, can be termed as a true natural wonder seen in India, which was formed by the after-effect of the dislodging of a part of comet or an asteroid from a huge mass in the space, some 50,000 years ago. This mass hurtled towards the Earth at hyper velocity. As soon as this giant lump entered the atmosphere, the friction changed it into a giant fireball that burnt off most of its mass. Yet, the remaining lump of this mass fell on the Earth’s surface, leaving behind a crater, almost a kilometer wide and around 250 meters deep. This crater was then filled up with water to form the present Lonar Crater Lake, which owns the credit of being the only meteorite impact crater and for the same reason; the lake’s water is highly saline and alkaline in nature, making it a home to the unique floras and faunas in the country.
So, India that has diverse art, religions and culture has many wonders, both natural and man-made ones, lying throughout the country, which can surely be a treat to nature lovers!