The Mekong delta covers a large area of land that is about 39,000 square km towards the southeast of Vietnam. It is at this point the Mekong River drains into the sea through a complex network of tributaries.
The Mekong Delta composes of diversity of landscapes such as mountains and moorland towards the northern border and flat flood plains towards the south. There is a geological factor behind the diversity of the topography. About 50 million years before, collision occurred between the Indian and Eurasian tectonic plates that gave rise to those folding mountains and tectonic uplift.
Today the Mekong Delta is considered the biological treasure house as it is the home to more than 10,000 species that include rare species of rat that are said to be nearly extinct.
The Mekong Delta is usually a low-lying coastal plain and more vulnerable to floods when the sea level rises in the rainy months. It is also called the rice basket of Vietnam, as it yields an adequate amount of rice grains to feed the whole country. You will catch the sight of crisscrossing canals or rivulets filled with waters from Mekong River.
Travelers visiting the Mekong Delta never miss to explore the picturesque riverside towns or visit the colorful floating markets and gaze at the local orchards or the remarkable Khmer pagodas during their trip to the region. The must-see places of the Mekong Delta are the bird sanctuaries, the freshwater springs, the pastoral beach known as the Hon Chong and the forested island of Phu Quoc spotted with beautiful beaches and more.